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特种设备

  特种设备安全监察条例 第九十九条
  
  叉车 电梯 锅炉 起重机 设备 特种设备 压力容器
  
  本条例下列用语的含义是:
  
  (一)锅炉,是指利用各种燃料、电或者其他能源,将所盛装的液体加热到一定的参数,并对外输出热能的设备,其范围规定为容积大于或者等于30L的承压蒸汽锅炉;出口水压大于或者等于0.1MPa(表压),且额定功率大于或者等于0.1MW的承压热水锅炉;有机热载体锅炉。
  
  (二)压力容器,是指盛装气体或者液体,承载一定压力的密闭设备,其范围规定为最高工作压力大于或者等于0.1MPa(表压),且压力与容积的乘积大于或者等于2.5MPa·L的气体、液化气体和最高工作温度高于或者等于标准沸点的液体的固定式容器和移动式容器;盛装公称工作压力大于或者等于0.2MPa(表压),且压力与容积的乘积大于或者等于1.0MPa·L的气体、液化气体和标准沸点等于或者低于60℃液体的气瓶;氧舱等。
  
  (三)压力管道,是指利用一定的压力,用于输送气体或者液体的管状设备,其范围规定为最高工作压力大于或者等于0.1MPa(表压)的气体、液化气体、蒸汽介质或者可燃、易爆、有毒、有腐蚀性、最高工作温度高于或者等于标准沸点的液体介质,且公称直径大于25mm的管道。
  
  (四)电梯,是指动力驱动,利用沿刚性导轨运行的箱体或者沿固定线路运行的梯级(踏步),进行升降或者平行运送人、货物的机电设备,包括载人(货)电梯、自动扶梯、自动人行道等。
  
  (五)起重机械,是指用于垂直升降或者垂直升降并水平移动重物的机电设备,其范围规定为额定起重量大于或者等于0.5t的升降机;额定起重量大于或者等于1t,且提升高度大于或者等于2m的起重机和承重形式固定的电动葫芦等。
  
  (六)客运索道,是指动力驱动,利用柔性绳索牵引箱体等运载工具运送人员的机电设备,包括客运架空索道、客运缆车、客运拖牵索道等。
  
  (七)大型游乐设施,是指用于经营目的,承载乘客游乐的设施,其范围规定为设计最大运行线速度大于或者等于2m/s,或者运行高度距地面高于或者等于2m的载人大型游乐设施。
  
  (八)场(厂)内专用机动车辆,是指除道路交通、农用车辆以外仅在工厂厂区、旅游景区、游乐场所等特定区域使用的专用机动车。
  
  Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment (2009 Revision), Article 99
  
  As used in these Regulations:
  
  (1)"Boiler" means the equipment which heats the liquid it holds to a certain parameter and outputs thermal energy by using various fuels, electricity or other energy resources, and which ranges from pressure-bearing steam boilers with a volume of not less than 30L, pressure-bearing hot-water boilers with the outlet water pressure not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure) and the rated power not less than 0.1MW, to organic fluid boilers.
  
  (2)"Pressure vessel" means the enclosed equipment which is capable of holding gas or liquid and carrying a certain pressure, and which ranges from stationary vessels and transportable vessels for gas or liquefied gas whose maximum working pressure is not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure)and the product of whose pressure multiplied by volume is not less than 2.5MPa L, or for liquid whose maximum working temperature is not lower than its standard boiling point, gas cylinders for gas or liquefied gas whose nominal working pressure is not less than 0.2MPa (gauge pressure)and the product of whose pressure multiplied by volume is not less than 1.0MPa L, or for liquid whose standard boiling point is not more than 60℃, to hyperbaric oxygen chambers, etc.
  
  (3)"Pressure pipeline" means the pipe-shaped equipment which is capable of transmitting gas or liquid under a certain pressure, and which is used to transmit gas, liquefied gas or steam medium whose maximum working pressure is not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure), or liquid medium which is flammable, explosive, toxic or corrosive and whose maximum working temperature is not lower than its standard boiling point and whose nominal diameter is larger than 25 mm.
  
  (4)"Elevator" means a kind of power-driven machinery used to provide vertical or horizontal transportation of humans or commodities by using a car moving along a rigid rail or a step-type conveyer moving along a fixed rail, including passenger (cargo) elevators, escalators, automatic moving walks, etc.
  
  (5)"Lifting appliance" means a kind of machinery used to provide vertical or vertical/ horizontal transportation of heavy goods, ranging from lifters whose rated lifting capacity is not less than 0.5t, to cranes and fixed electric hoists whose rated lifting capacity is not less than It and whose lifting height is not less than 2m, etc.
  
  (6)"Passenger ropeway" means a kind of power-driven machinery which transports humans by using flexible ropes to haul carriages, including passenger aerial ropeways, passenger trolleys, passenger towing cableways, etc.
  
  (7))"Large amusement device" means amusement equipment used to transport passengers for business purposes, and restricted to that whose design maximum operating linear velocity is not less than 2m/s or whose operating height is not lower than 2m above ground.
  
  (8)"Non-road vehicle" means a specialized motor vehicle operating in specific areas such as factory premises, tourist attractions and amusement places, excluding road traffic and farming vehicles. Special equipment also includes the materials used, auxiliary safety accessories, safety protection devices and other related facilities.