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灭火器

  中华人民共和国消防法, 第十六条 第二款
  
  标志 灭火器 消防法
  
  机关、团体、企业、事业等单位应当履行下列消防安全职责:
  
  (二)按照国家标准、行业标准配置消防设施、器材,设置消防安全标志,并定期组织检验、维修,确保完好有效;
  
  Fire Prevention Law of the People's Republic of China, Article 16(2)
  
  Entities such as government departments, public organizations, enterprises and institutions shall perform the following fire safety and control responsibilities:
  
  (2) Installing fire-fighting facilities and apparatus, setting up safety signs for fire control and conducting regular inspection and maintenance to ensure that such facilities and apparatus remain in good condition and functional in accordance with the relevant State regulations; 

  

        建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005) 第3.1.2条
  
  火灾 灭火器
  
  灭火器配置场所的火灾种类可划分为以下五类:
  
  1. A类火灾:固体物质火灾。
  
  2. B类火灾:液体火灾或可熔化固体物质火灾。
  
  3. C类火灾:气体火灾。
  
  4. D类火灾:金属火灾。
  
  5. E类火灾(带电火灾):物体带电燃烧的火灾。
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (GB 50140-2005), Article 3.1.2
  
  Type of fire in distribution place of fire extinguisher shall be classified to the following five types:
  
  1 Class A: Solid fire;
  
  2 Class B: Liquid fire or meltable solid fire;
  
  3 Class C: Liquid fire;
  
  4 Class D: Metal fire;
  
  5 Class E (electricity fire): Fire caused by combust matters with electricity.


  建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005) 第5.1.3条
  
  高度 灭火器
  
  灭火器的摆放应稳固,其铭牌应朝外。手提式灭火器宜设置在灭火器箱内或挂钩、托架上,其顶部离地面高度不应大于1.50m;底部离地面高度不宜小于0.08m。灭火器箱不得上锁。
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (50140-2005), Article 5.1.3
  
  Fire extinguisher shall be placed firmly and its nameplates shall be towards outside.
  
  Portable fire extinguisher shall better to be placed in fire extinguisher box or provided with
  
  hanger and the height from its top to the ground shall not be more than 1.50m and not be less than 0.08m from its bottom to the ground. Fire extinguisher box must not be locked.


  建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005) 第6.1.1条
  
  灭火器 数量
  
  一个计算单元内配置的灭火器数量不得少于2具。
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (50140-2005), Article 6.1.1
  
  Numbers of fire extinguisher distributed in a calculation unit shall not be less than 2.


  建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005) 第6.1.2条
  
  灭火器 数量
  
  每个设置点的灭火器数量不宜多于5具。
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (50140-2005), Article 6.1.2
  
  Numbers of fire extinguisher in each place shall better not be more than 5.

  建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005)
  
  类型 灭火器
  
  4.2 灭火器的类型选择
  
  4.2.1  A类火灾场所应选择水型灭火器、磷酸铵盐干粉灭火器、泡沫灭火器或卤代烷灭火器。
  
  4.2.2  B类火灾场所应选择泡沫灭火器、碳酸氢钠干粉灭火器、磷酸铵盐干粉灭火器、二氧化碳灭火器、灭B类火灾的水型灭火器或卤代烷灭火器。极性溶剂的B类火灾场所应选择灭B类火灾的抗溶性灭火器。
  
  4.2.3  C类火灾场所应选择磷酸铵盐干粉灭火器、碳酸氢钠干粉灭火器、二氧化碳灭火器或卤代烷灭火器。
  
  4.2.4  D类火灾场所应选择扑灭金属火灾的专用灭火器。
  
  4.2.5  E类火灾场所应选择磷酸铵盐干粉灭火器、碳酸氢钠干粉灭火器、卤代烷灭火器或二氧化碳灭火器,但不得选用装有金属喇叭喷筒的二氧化碳灭火器。
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (GB 50140-2005)
  
  Section 4.2 Type Selection of Fire Extinguisher
  
  Article 4.2.1 Select water-type fire extinguisher, ammonium phosphate salt powder fire
  
  extinguisher, foam fire extinguisher or alkyl halide fire extinguisher for place of fire A.
  
  Article 4.2.2 Select foam fire extinguisher, sodium bicarbonate powder fire extinguisher,
  
  ammonium phosphate salt powder fire extinguisher, carbon dioxide fire extinguisher,
  
  water-type fire extinguisher or alkyl halide fire extinguisher for place of fire B.
  
  Select anti-solvent fire extinguisher for place of fire B with polar solvent.
  
  Article 4.2.3 Select ammonium phosphate salt powder fire extinguisher, sodium bicarbonate powder fire extinguisher, carbon dioxide fire extinguisher for place of fire C.
  
  Article 4.2.4 Select special fire extinguisher for place of fire D (metal fire).
  
  Article 4.2.5 Select ammonium phosphate salt powder fire extinguisher, sodium bicarbonate powder fire extinguisher, alkyl halide fire extinguisher or carbon dioxide fire extinguisher for place of fire E. Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher with metal trumpet shall be absolutely forbidden.


  建筑灭火器配置设计规范(50140-2005) 第4.1.3条
  
  灭火器
  
  在同一灭火器配置场所,当选用两种或两种以上类型灭火器时,应采用灭火剂相容的灭火器.
  
  不相容的灭火剂举例
  
  灭火剂类型 不相容的灭火剂
  
  干粉与干粉 磷酸铵盐 碳酸氢钠、碳酸氢钾
  
  干粉与泡沫 碳酸氢钠、碳酸氢钾 蛋白泡沫
  
  泡沫与泡沫 蛋白泡沫、氟蛋白泡沫 水成膜泡沫
  
  Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings (50140-2005), Article 4.1.3
  
  When using two or more kinds of fire extinguishers in the same distribution place of fire extinguishers, extinguishing agents of the two kinds of fire extinguisher shall be compatible.
  
  Incompatible ExtinguishingAgents
  
  Type Incompatible extinguishing agents
  
  dry chemical and dry chemical ammonium phosphate base sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate
  
  dry chemical and foam potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate protein foam
  
  form and form protein foam, fluorin protein foam water base form.



        验厂中灭火器常见问题:

       1、灭火器失压或超压(当指针到红色区域即失效,到黄色区域为过充,像沃尔玛验厂不接受);

       2、灭火器直接放置地面(高度要求0.08到1.5米间);

       3、同一地点灭火器数量2-5个间(最多不能超过5个);

       4、没有操作说明指示;
 
       5、没有定期检查记录;

       6、被阻挡(此问题应当高度重视);

       7、以下图片供参考(有需要图片的请与我们联系,免费提供):