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急救要求

  中华人民共和国职业病防治法(2016修订) 第二十五条
  
  急救 洗眼器 职业病
  
  对可能发生急性职业损伤的有毒、有害工作场所,用人单位应当设置报警装置,配置现场急救用品、冲洗设备、应急撤离通道和必要的泄险区。
  
  Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases (2016 Amendment), Article 25
  
  At the workplace with toxic and hazardous substances where acute occupational injuries may occur, the employer shall have such places equipped with alarming devices, first-aid articles and washing equipment, and have emergency exit passages built and necessary risk obviating areas prepared.



  工业企业设计卫生标准(GBZ 1-2010) 第6.1.7条
  
  急救 卫生
  
  6.1.7 可能存在或产生有毒物质的工作场所应根据有毒物质的理化特性和危害特点配备现场急救用品,设置冲洗喷淋设备、应急撤离通道、必要的泄险区以及风向标。泄险区应低位设置且有防透水层,泄漏物质和冲洗水应集中纳入工业废水处理系统。
  
  Hygienic standards for the Design of Industrial Enterprises (GBZ 1-2010), Article 6.1.7 
  
  The workplace where may exist or produce toxic substances shall be allocated with field
  
  first aid appliances, installed with washing and sprinkling equipment, emergency evacuation exits, necessary hazard-eliminating area as well as wind vane according to according to the physical and chemical characteristics and hazard characteristics of the toxic substances. The hazard-eliminating area shall be set at low level and shall be with permeable layer, the leaking substances and wash water shall be brought under the industrial waste water treatment system.


  工业企业设计卫生标准(GBZ 1-2010)
  
  急救 卫生
  
  8.1生产或使用有毒物质的、有可能发生急性职业病危害的工业企业的劳动定员设计应包括应急救援组织机构(站)编制和人员定员。
  
  8.1.2 应急救援组织机构急救人员的人数宜根据工作场所的规模、职业性有害因素的特点、劳动者人数,按照0.1%~5%的比例配备,并对急救人员进行相关知识和技能的培训。有条件的企业,每个工作班宜至少安排1名急救人员。
  
  Hygienic standards for the Design of Industrial Enterprises (GBZ 1-2010)
  
  8.1 For the industrial enterprise in which toxic substance is produced or used, or acute occupational disease may generate, manpower quota design shall consist of emergency-rescue organization (station) compilation and personnel.
  
  8.1.2 First-aid personnel in emergency rescue organization shall be allocated according to workplace scale, occupational hazard characteristic and workers basing on 0.1% ~ 5% proportion, after which, the first-aid personnel shall be trained with related knowledge and skill. If possible, at least one first-aid person shall be arranged in each operating crew.


  c工业企业卫生设计标准(GBZ1-2010)
  
  急救 卫生 药箱
  
  8.3,有可能发生化学性灼伤及经皮肤粘膜吸收引起急性中毒的工作地点或车间,应根据可能产生或存在的职业性有害因素及其危害特点,在工作地点就近设置现场应急处理设施。急救设施应包括:不断水的冲淋、洗眼设施;气体防护柜;个人防护用品;急救包或急救箱以及急救药品;转运病人的担架和装置;急救处理的设施以及应急救援通讯设备等。
  
  8.3.3,急救箱应当设置在便于劳动者取用的地点,配备内容可根据实际需要参照附录A表A.4确定,并由专人负责定期检查和更新。
  
  Hygienic standards for the Design of Industrial Enterprises (GBZ 1-2010)
  
  8.3, In the work site or workshop where chemical burn may occur or acute poisoning may
  
  happen due to skin mucous absorption, onsite emergency treatment facilities shall be installed near work site according to possible or existent occupational hazards and their characteristics. First-aid facilities shall consist of: continuous showering-and-eye-washing facilities; gas resistance cabinet; personal protective device; first aid kit and first-aid medicine; stretcher and device for transporting patient; first-aid treatment facilities as well as emergency-rescue communication equipment. In workplaces or workshops where chemical burns or acute poisoning resulting from mucous absorption may occur, emergency response facilities should be established nearby based on the potential or existing occupational hazardous factors and characteristics. Emergency response facilities should include shower and eye wash devices with continuous water supply, gas protection cabinet, personal protective equipment, first-aid kit and medicine, stretcher and devices for transfer of patients, first aid equipment and communications equipment for emergency rescue.
  
  8.3.3 First-aid kit shall be laid in the place where it is convenient for worker's usage and the allocation may be determined according to actual demand and Table A.4 in Annex A. Besides, the allocation shall be checked and renewed regularly by specially-assigned persons.



       验厂中对急救要求:

       1、要有急救培训,包括心肺复苏、人工呼吸及外伤处理;

       2、要有培训内容及演习照片;

       3、培训人员需要有资质,如急救员证书或外部有效证明(要原件);
  
        4、要有急救程序;

       5、以下照片供参考